By Nathan Rosenstein, Robert Morstein-Marx

This Companion offers an authoritative and updated evaluation of Roman Republican heritage because it is at present practiced.

  • Highlights contemporary advancements, together with archaeological discoveries, clean methods to textual assets, and the hole up of latest components of old study
  • Retains the drama of the Republic’s upward thrust and fall
  • Emphasizes not only the proof of texts and actual continues to be, but additionally the versions and assumptions that students carry to those artefacts
  • Looks on the position performed by way of the actual geography and atmosphere of Italy
  • Offers a compact yet distinctive narrative of army and political advancements from the beginning of the Roman Republic via to the dying of Julius Caesar
  • Discusses present controversies within the field

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Assemblies The ability of the Senate to pursue its goals and to put into practical effect its ability to make recommendations based on its authority (auctoritas) was essentially dependent on the degree of solidarity that it was able to develop. As is well known, however, in the last decades of the Republic there was a series of conflicts which could not be resolved within the Senate, with the result that the opportunities for popular action necessarily became correspondingly larger. 79 That substantially depends on our reconstruction and evaluation of the Roman popular assemblies, which have been the subject of vigorous discussion in recent years.

2006 6:29pm 11 the like. However, in recent years the basis of Beloch and Brunt’s analyses, namely their calculation of the citizen population, has been thrown into question above all by Elio Lo Cascio, who roughly triples their figures for the citizen population of the Augustan period. 43 Second-century Italy would then hardly have been marked by a drop in the rural free population but on the contrary by an increase; and this, according to Morley, makes the hunger for land and the Gracchan program of agrarian distribution much more understandable than Beloch’s and Brunt’s model, according to which sufficient land should actually have been available.

66 The question to what extent noble descent gave increased prospects for success is in no way secondary; the structural determinants of unequal chances for political success inherent in any political system call for examination, all the more so those of a system with marked democratic features, which after all, according to Millar, the Roman Republic was supposed to have been. 70 In fact, however, it is far from self-evident that there would be solidarity among noble families directed against ambitious outsiders, or in pursuit of collective dominance and the preservation or expansion of their competitive advantages, since after all the nobiles were engaged in intense competition with each other.

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