By Ron Field

The Mississippi River performed a decisive position within the American Civil struggle. The accomplice fortifications that managed the decrease Mississippi valley have been positioned to the try out within the long Federal crusade of 1862-63. Vicksburg was once a castle urban, often called the "Gibraltar of the Confederacy," whose catch is usually noticeable because the key to victory within the struggle. This e-book explores the fortifications of the river valley, targeting Vicksburg and its defenses which boasted a community of forts, rifle pits, and cannon embrasures surrounding the town and analyzing the strengths and weaknesses of the fortifications whilst below siege. additionally tested are quite a few different fortified strongholds, together with New Orleans, Port Hudson, New Madrid and, forts Henry and Donelson, all lavishly illustrated with complete colour art and cutaways.

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Extra resources for American Civil War Fortifications. The Mississippi and River Forts

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At Battery Benton opposite South Fort, Acting Master J. Frank Reed of the gunboat USS Benton commanded two 42-pounder rifled guns taken off his vessel. These were manned by a detachment of Battery E, 1st Missouri Light Artillery, under Lieutenant Joseph B. Atwater, from the morning of July 1 to the end of the siege. On July 1 a shell exploded in the battery killing two and badly wounding four enlisted men of the 34th Iowa, who were serving as infantry support. All the remaining larger batteries between Batteries Maloney and Benton appear to have been given numbers rather than names, and numbered at least 18.

38 The Battle in the Crater, showing the mine explosion beneath the 3rd Louisiana Redan Towards the northern end of the Confederate defenses at Vicksburg, the Third Louisiana Redan was one of the major points of attack. After approaching with a sap called Logan's Approach, the Federals detonated the first of two mines on June 25, 1863. This created a crater 40ft wide and 12ft deep where the point of the redan had once stood. Brigadier General Mortimer D. Leggett's brigade of Logan's Federal division sent a regiment charging into the crater, supported by every gun within firing range.

Gabions under construction are lined up by the bombproofs in which the troops are taking cover, while the tents have a screen of wood, known as blindage. (Author's collection) 48 The batteries At the northern end of the Union lines, Battery Selfridge was located opposite Fort Hill. Named for Lieutenant Commander Thomas o. , the former commander of USS Cairo, an ironclad gunboat sunk by a mine in the Yazoo River on December 12, 1862, it was the only Federal battery which contained cannon manned exclusively by sailors.

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